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Temperature Range 800 Degree to 1200 Degree in Combustion Chamber. Temperature Thermocouple Monitor and Controller. High Quality Fire Brick and Refactory Cement.

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Nanjing Clover Medical Technology Co.,Ltd.

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Regular model incinerator for market with burning rate from 10kgs to 500kgs per hour and we always proposal customer send us their require details, like waste material, local site fuel and power supply, incinerator operation time, etc, so we can proposal right model or custom made with different structure or dimensions.
Incinerator Model YD-100 is a middle scale incineration machine for many different usage: for a middle hospital sickbed below 500 units, for all small or big size family pets (like Alaskan Malamute Dog), for community Municipal Solid Waste Incineration, etc. The primary combustion chamber volume is 1200Liters (1.2m3) and use diesel oil or natural gas fuel burner original from Italy.

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INCINERATOR For incineration of Laboratory wastes materials

Incinerators to be suitable for the professional disposal of clinical & medical waste / garbage with a higher load capacity in the range of approximately
1000-1500 Kg.  The durable, self-contained incinerators shall offer an effective and highly efficient, safe disposal and to be manufactured according to applicable international directives, e.g. CE, EU, etc.
Type of Fuel: Diesel or Petrol or Natural Gas. Temperature controlled,
efficient burner for optimum fuel economy. incinerator in the best technology and an approximate capacity of 2000 ton / year. Possibly an incineration capacity of 200 kg / hr and a calorific value of 7500 kcal / kg. Industrial and domestical waste.INCINERATOR For incineration of Laboratory wastes materials

i.Smoke and smell free
ii.High Temperature , refractory lining with excellent heat retention
iii.Quick heat up time
iv.Must have a secondary chamber
v.Constant run fan
vi.Temperature monitoring
vii.Thermostat Control

Technical Specifications
i.Capacity :                    approx. 0.20 m3
ii.Fuel consumption:        5 litres /hour Diesel Oil
iii.Min Operating Temp:   900 oC
iv.Max Operating Temp:   1350 oC
v.Residence Time:           2 sec
vi.Burning rate:                 35kg/hr minimum

Standard accessories required

Consumables and Spares
Supplied with  spares and consumables to carry out at least 1000 tests


It should  be  a three chambered incinerator
The load capacity of 250 kg
The housing for the incinerator should be able to withstand the temperatures and other operational requirements.
The chimney should have a strong refractory lining of special type of cement to withstand temperatures more than 1200oc.
It should have a strong base for the machine to keep it stable, firm and secure during its operational lifespan.
The primary (combustion) and the secondary (scorching) chambers to be fitted with burners for effective combustion.
In the third chamber, scrubbers and precipitators will need to be installed as pollution control equipment before emission of gases into the atmosphere.
A system for continuous emission Monitoring and Environmental Monitoring.
A mechanism with which to treat the waste water before discharge into the sewerage system.
Temperature control and monitoring devices (probe thermometer) should be availed to ensure that the right temperatures are attained in the chambers during operation.
Motor (fans) sufficient to induce enough air into the combustion chambers and direct the gases towards the flue 9 chimney).
High power electricity and emergency generator connection for automated ignition purposes.
The chimney should be tall enough and be at least one meter above the tallest building in the vicinity.
The fuel tank (industrial diesel) to be constructed next to but out side the incinerator housing for security purposes and to prevent fire hazards. Capacity of 250.
Other Requirements
Training of all the personnel involved in health care waste (HCW) management.
The Automatic Feeding system of the Incinerator
Automatic waste loading mechanism with conveyor belts. These will lead the waste into the first primary chamber.
An Automatic bottom ashes discharge system.


An incinerator represents a complete solution to the problem of disposal of all hospital waste types. The liquid fuel is diesel. The incinerator should meet the environment standards. The final destination of this equipment is Remera-Mbogo Special Health Center in RULINDO District; bidders are requested to respond to the following requested technical specifications with comprehensive description of equipment being offered. The tenderer is also requested to bid on both equipment and shelter, and he/she will be responsible of both. All pre-installation works have to be done by the tenderer, better to conduct a sit visit before bidding. The bidder has also to provide original catalogue not a copy.

N°    Expected Technical specifications    Technical specifications from the bidder


The incinerator shall be fully self contained.

The incinerator plant shall incorporate a control panel for its operation. On the control panel we shall have a visual display of the chamber temperatures. This visual display must control and monitor the incinerator and his performance.

Capacity of destruction in weight shall be 60 Kg/h.
It should be able to operate not less than 10 hours/day
This incinerator must be able to destruct all combustible wastes produced by hospitals, private clinics, laboratories, institutes, etc…

Design Specification : Types A, B, C, D, and E of medical waste

“PYROLYTIC” combustion, by controlling the gasification of waste.

The incinerator must avoid the release of black smoke and fine dust, during the loadings.

It shall be able to reduce the volume of wastes by 98%.

It shall be able to hold emission in the second burn with gas residence of not less than 2 seconds.

The incineration should be completely free from visible smoke as well as offensive odours.

1.0    The primary ignition burner shall providing ignition of the waste to 850 °C and must switch off to conserve fuel.

The primary combustion chamber shall be constructed from heavy steel plate and the unit is internally lined with a complete layer of hote face refractory and high efficiency insulation.

The Internal diameter of the Chimney at least: Ø 400 and its height: 8 m

The Volume of the combustion chamber at least: 1.200 L

The Dimension of the door for loading in cm at least: 70×70.

Burner operation should be Automatic On/Off
Fuel : diesel
Bidder to provide  necessary information for the best of  the installation

The control panel shall have all appropriate audible and visual alarms to ensure safe operation.

This incinerator with “PYROLYTIC” combustion must have:
1.    A combustion chamber of waste:
o    Perfectly tight door for the manual loading of waste. The loading should be Manual, Batch Load
o    A burner of lighting which the use is limited to the ignition of waste.
o    Frontage of loading with door seals gone up on hinges, wheel of screw plug, flexible joint, and stuffing insulating out of refractory.
o    The insulation of the combustion chamber should be composed of refractory bricks, having a high content of aluminium and insulates bricks in order to assure a minimum temperature on the outside sheet metal.
o     Composition of the refractory;

    Refractory concrete :
. Thickness    : ≥100 mm
. Nature: 42% of Al203
    Insulate in fibrous panels :
Thickness: ≥75 mm
Nature: Calcium silicate.
    Burner of lighting of waste, with fuel, standard mono-bloc casting guiding  plunging flame, lighting and safety of electronic ignition, permanent ventilation, electromagnetic sluice gate of regulation and isolating valve.
Plate of combustion in Carborundum, avoiding the fixing of glass and slags

A chamber of post combustion of gases
o    A burner of combustion of gases,
o    A device of injection of air allowing a total recombustion of gases,
o    A device of air inlet of cooling of waste gases,
o    A sheath of evacuation of the gases burnt.
o    Carcass in strong sheet steel with support of connection.
o    Composition of the refractory;
•    Refractory concrete :
    Thickness    : ≥150 mm
    Nature: 65% of Al203
•    Insulate in fibrous panel :
    Thickness: ≥85 mm
     Nature: Calcium
o    Burner with fuel, mono-bloc casting guiding type with horizontal flame, lighting and safety of electronic ignition, permanent ventilation, electromagnetic sluice gate of regulation and isolating valve.
o    A secondary injection of air to ensure perfect oxygen content.

A control box ensuring the complete cycle of combustion.
o    Electro-ventilator distributing the secondary air, the regulation of the air flow being carried out by valves and following the control of the automatic cycle.
Controls and regulations:
Control box watertight to dust, including:

A switch circuit breaker for each engine (ventilators and burners).
A timer with adjustable temporization for the regulation of each burner.
A regulator with digital watching for the temperature of combustion.
A regulator with digital watching for the temperature of post combustion.
Electric box

The secondary combustion chamber must destroy the contaminant product and must resist to high temperature(1100 °C)

2.24    Process Filtering system: Scruber to be mentionned as optional
2.25    Emission Standards Compliance: BS 3316 or équivalent standard
Capacity to treat Plastic: Not less than 40% by weight
2.27    CE Manufacturing Compliance: BS EN 746-2-1997
Bidder must give batches of spare parts of first urgency and consumable of the incinerator.

The installed incinerator must bear a one year guarantee.
The supplier shall perform an onsite installation of the incinerator.

The bidder to provide a copy of certified certificated of equipment being offered

The technical training of operators will have to be provided and given by a Engineer from   the factory; it will consist of curative and preventive maintenance, and the use of machine

Certified copies and CV of your engineers

The duration of the training not less than 5 days

List of important spare parts and accessories with their part number and costing to be given.

2.36    To provide a signed copy of reference list and address of the health facilities where the proposed equipment is currently installed (list of installation site).

№     Description of work    Unit    Quantity    Unit Price    Total Price
1    Site clearing and excavation for setting out.    m2    350
2    Excavation for foundation    m3    11
3    Construction of foundation in stones    m3    13
4    screed leveling the top of the foundation. Ep  3cm    m2    19
5    Roofing insulation against moisture    m2    19
6    Construction of retaining walls    m3    30
7    Elevation with burn brick    m2    180
8    Continuous Reinforced concrete lintel    m3    2
9    Roof structures in metal tube    m2    84
10    Roof cover in iron sheet of 28 BG    m2    84
11    Metal Gutter     Lm    24
12    Board of metal bank    Lm    14
13    Down pipe for rainwater PVC pipe ø 110 within their accessories    Lm    12
14    smooth plasterwork interior walls    m2    180
15    Roughcasting Tyrolean exterior walls    m2    150
16     Supply and installation of double metal door(180*210) with their accessories    pces    1
17     Supply and installation of single metal door(90*210) within their accessories    pces    2
18    Supply and installation of galvanized mesh for ventilation    m2    15
19    Sub- pavement brickbats within    m2    60
20    Screed ciment morter on floor(1:3 ratio)    m2    60
21    Pavement smoothness with cement mortar on walkway around a shelter    Lm    34
22    Baseboard monolith with cement mortar(Plinth)    Lm    68
23    drainage troughout rain water    Lm    16
24    Suply and installation of small window on the bathroom within glass    pces    1
25    Supply and installation of playwood doors within their accessories of 210*90    pces    1
ELECTRICAL SUPPLY AND INSTALLATION                                            –
1    Tubing, wiring, junction box     Ls    1
2    Supply and installation of cable supplying electricity to incinerator house from the main source    Lm    200
3    Divisional Box within  4 starts    pces    1
4      Switch Single     pces    3
5      socket single     pces    2
6      Shooting phase current     pces    1
7      Strip 40W tube with     pces    4
8      40W waterproof strip with  tube     pces    3
SANITARY SUPPLY AND INSTALLATION                                            –
1    Piping for supply and evacuation of water and waste water with their accessories     Ls    1
2     Supply and installation of  sink     pces    1
3      Supply and installation of shower within their shower tray    pces    1
4     Supply and installation of mirror 60x40cm     pces    1
5      Supply and installation of door towel     pces    1
6      Supply and installation of soap holder     pces    1
7     Well lost of  20m depth     pces    1
8     Manhole  within their connection channels    pces    2
9    Parking for 2 vehicles (watering  gravel and  border  )    m2    40
10    Tank for ash in masonry and covered by concrete cover of 40m3    pces    1
11     latex paint on walls     m2    160
12      Email paint on fascia and gutter     m2    3
13     Email paint on metal door      m2    20
14    Fence on masonry foundation of mesh wire    lm    85



1. Works subject

The present Technical Specifications Terms is aimed at defining the quality, the nature, the technical specifications, norms and standards necessary to the completion of project hereby presented.
Generally these technical specifications on the origin, quality and preparation of materials, construction norms and ways of execution of different parts of the project in accordance with standards. As per definition, Technical Specifications are specific to each category of works; hence it is convenient to refer to standards norms developed in the Country.

General Notice

The Contractor has strictly to respect standards. He is also obliged to respect terms and conditions of tender general terms in application in Republic of Rwanda. Each work having defects will be rejected and the contractor will be held responsible of consequences of such action.


2.1. Conditions of importation

All purchased materials will be received by the control team before use.

3.1.2. Source and approval of materials

The prime contractor has to present the source of materials, technical specifications of the supplier with the approval of the Engineer before using them in order to honor the execution period agreed upon.

a. Source of materials ordered from the factory

The ordered materials from the factories are approved by the control team.
The prime contractor will have to submit the list of the suppliers for official approval within 15 days after receiving the order. This list will have to be attached to the laboratory test results and other justifications likely to prove that each supply has the required quality specified in the present text of technical specifications and other contractual documents or others proposed while tendering. This procedure is not in any way the responsibility of the Prime Contractor. The Prime Contractor shall notify to the control team the different supplies of materials and will supervise the control tests. In case building materials used are not in conformity with those specified within the contract, the prime contractor shall in no way claim irresponsibility of the control team not to have ordered for the tests.

The prime contractor shall on daily basis avail to the control team the written record of supplied materials.

B. Source of local materials

The materials intended for the finishing, as well as sands and gravels will be from the quarries approved by the Control team.
The materials intended for the construction of the drainage systems will have to satisfy the conditions of the TSB.
The prime contractor is the only person to assess the quality of execution. All works should be in conformity with regulations and be carried out according to the professional rules. The prime contractor can carry out regular controls. In that case the entrepreneur will have to provide all the necessary means.
The document for the use of materials will contain all the information required by the control team, particularly quality tests, the site, surface area, and execution methods.
The approval of the control team only is not subject to the responsibility of the prime contractor in relation to the quality of materials provided and its conformity on the site. The reception of materials will take place on the site after the supply and before use. This will guarantee its conformity.
Concerning excavated materials, the control team will at any time cancel the approval of borrowed materials or the quarry if found it does not provide materials that are in conformity with the required specifications and the prime contractor will hence be obliged to provide a better alternative.
The sources of all materials must be submitted to the control team within a period of 30 days that follows the notification of signing the contract.
The prime contractor will recommend the ratio of the concretes at least 30 days before starting the works. The control team will have 15 days to supervise the works. The prime contractor must avail in time the agreed concrete in order to satisfy the required specifications.

2.1.3. Rejection of materials.

All materials found not in conformity with required specifications at the time of verification must be transported outside the site by the prime contractor and at his own cost in a period fixed by the control team.
2. 1.4. Source, quality and condition of uses of materials for the works Quality and source of materials

Materials necessary for the construction works will have to be provided entirely with the care and charges on the prime contractor in order to ensure the completion of the work within the agreed duration.  They must be of better quality, available on the market, without any default and professionally installed

The materials and source (rivers, quarries, and factories) must be approved by the control team before use.

The Prime contractor will preferably use locally produced materials as well as the utilization is compatible with the agreed terms. Aggregates and stones.


The materials to be used will be:
–    Sand
–    Natural or crushed gravels
–    Crushed hard stones

Aggregates for plain concrete other than sand will be indicated by their specific dimensions d and D (d: minimal, D: maximal). Final particle sizes will be defined within the concrete tests. In any case the weight of materials retained on the sieve of diameter D will not exceed 10% of the weight subjected to the sifting.
In the same way, 10% more of the total weight will be able to pass through the sieve of diameter d. Again the weight retained on the sieve of the diameter (D+d)/2 will be 1/3 and 2/3 of the total weight.

The gravels will be thoroughly clean. Cleanness will be such that less than 2% of the aggregates will be constituted by hard stones.

Crushed stones:

The aggregates to be used are broken up in particles of gauge 0/25 mm presenting a Los Angeles coefficient lower or equal to thirty five (35). The materials will be in any case subjected to the approval of the prime contractor. They will be free of mud and the organic matter.
Table of concrete

Designation, proportioning while binding, the destinations and the compressive strength of the various concretes are indicated in the table below:

(Compression at 28 days)
B0     Sealing coat and blocking     150
B1     Coarse concrete of foundation, massive supports and butted of drains     250     180
B2     Fondation rafts, culverts, gutter, etc     300     230
B3     Plain concrete for facing smoothness) and flooring base.     350     270
B4     Reinforced concrete for very solid elements: slab for inspection chambers, pits of reception of wastewater.     400     330

In the laboratory tests, the resistance that has to be found after 7 and 28 days must at least be equal to that indicated in the above table.
The concretes and mortars above will be used in the following works:

B0: concrete for prime coat under the stone foundation.
B3: reinforced concrete:
–    Clamping;
–    Lintels of span less than or equalizes to 2 m;
B4: concrete for lintels and beams of span bigger than 2 m.

Cement ratios above are given only as an indication. They will be defined according to the nature and of the particle sizes of the aggregates.    They indicate minimum ratios.

The composition of the B0 and B1 concretes is as follows:

B0     150     420     840
B1     250     420     840

The entrepreneur will have to issue to the prime contractor recommendations on the compositions of the B0 and B1concretes, and to abide by the approval of water volume to be added per m 3 during the agreed duration in execution of works.

The thresholds of granularity will be as follows:

CONCRETE     SIEVE                               (mm)
Prime coat     3     40
Coarse concrete for foundation     3     30
Reinforced concrete.      3     25

The weight of the aggregates retained on the sieve corresponding to their threshold of higher granularity and that passing the lower threshold will one by one be lower than 10% of the initial weight that is subjected to the sifting.

For control purpose there will be a measurement of proportion in weight of the aggregates passing during washing in the sieve No.34 (2 mm) if necessary including the measurement of plasticity of the elements lower than two (2) mm, per fifty (50) m 3 of aggregates.


The aggregates of different categories will be stored in separate batches in manner of not being able to mix.

The storage area will be secured in a special way and precautions shall be taken to avoid segregation in during storage or recovery and to prevent an accumulation of mud at the bottom.


It is included in the cost of execution of works. No extra funds are planned for it.

2.2. Cement

Cement to be used is from Mashyuza factory or any other imported cement that has better qualities than Mashyuza’s. It is of Portland type without secondary component of class 250/325 (at the choice of entrepreneur). The cement delivery will be done in whole bags or metallic containers. Cement will be stored in waterproof silos or stores. Cement that the entrepreneur intends to use will be subjected to the approval of the prime contractor.

Cements will be transported into reinforced and impermeable paper bags of 50 kg.

During transport and in transit, the cement bags will be continuously protected from any contact with water and moisture. No cement bag will have to be deposited directly on the ground and in the open air, except for the short period during the loading and unloading and must be under favorable atmospheric conditions.

The supply and the transport of cements are both included in the cost of the works.

Rejection of materials

The control team has the right to reject the type of cement proposed if at all it does not satisfy the required quality prescribed in the present specifications.

Any bag whose cover will be damaged or be wet shall be rejected.

Any cement degraded by moisture will be rejected as those containing lumps. The use of reconditioned cements is strictly prohibited.

Whenever a cement bag or stock is rejected, it must be removed from the site as a responsibility of the prime contractor. In case of negligence or refusal, the removal is made by contracting authority at the charges, risks and loss on the part of the prime contractor.

3.3. Mixing water

The mixing water will be provided by entrepreneur: it must satisfy physical and chemical qualities that are set by NFP 18 303 standards.

At the same time, mixing water should not contain more than two (2) grams per liter of suspended matter, or more than two (2) grams per liter of dissolved salts. It will particularly be free from sulphates and organic chlorides matter.

The source of water will be identified by the entrepreneur and approved by the representative of the prime contractor.

2.3. Mortars

Application of the mortars

Class     Composition     Application
A    600kg/m3, sand delivered to 2 aggregates     Tight plaster with damp-proof additives
B     400kg/m3, sand delivered to 2 aggregates     Covers, manufacture of ventilation blocks
C     300kg/m3     External plaster
D     250kg/m3     External plaster, mortar for joining masonry units

For each mixing, sand for the mortars will be measured with gauge box while cement will be measured on the balance (weight). The aggregates will be in conformity with the DIN1045 standard or equivalent. The handling of the mortars components will be done on prepared masonry areas, the mixing will progressively be carried out in the course of the execution of the walks. The best qualified sand having the norms and standard is KAYUMBU sand.

2.4 Placement of the concrete

In order to avoid the segregation, it is prohibited to drop the concrete into a formwork from a height higher than one meter (1m). The B2 and B4 concretes will have to be vibrated using poker vibrators. The vibration time should be controlled in order to avoid any segregation or rise of fine particles on the surface. They should not touch the formwork or the reinforcements.

After placing the concrete, the surfaces of the works must be protected by door mats, plaits or fabrics streaming day and night by repeated curing as many times as necessary.

The curing of other mortars and concrete should be made by moistening or an impervious temporary coating. The concretes and mortars after curing should necessarily be approved by the prime contractor.

Any delivery of concretes and mortars after curing will be followed by the submission of an original certificate indicating the time after which the products have to be rejected.

The curing is applied to defined surfaces and their recovery. In case coating is used for curing of recovery surfaces, repair and cleaning of these surfaces is necessary before installation of the concrete.

Reject of concrete or mortar is not acceptable. The entrepreneur must recover any surplus and deposit it at a place approved by the prime contractor. The materials deposited should be covered with a soil layer.

–    Mixing water

The mixing water shall be provided by the entrepreneur: it must satisfy physical and chemical requirements set by NFP 18 303 standards.

In addition, the mixing water should not contain more than two (2) grams per liter of suspended matter, or more than two (2) grams per liter of dissolved salts. It will particularly be free from sulphates, chlorides of organic matter.

The source of water will be identified by the entrepreneur and approved by the representative of the prime contractor.

–  Curing of concretes

The concrete curing will be done by moistening. The concrete will be maintained wet for ten days after the placement.

The means to be used will be either of the fabrics, plaits or doormats maintained wet constantly, or a slight and permanent watering of surfaces. The intermittent watering of surfaces is prohibited. The impermeable formwork will be maintained wet in the same way.
It is prohibited to loads concrete, particularly walking on it and to introduce other installations before the prime contractor approves sufficient resistance of the concrete.

The approval of prime contractor on the concrete resistance does not hinder the responsibility of the entrepreneur. The entrepreneur shall be responsible for any degradation of concrete, either caused by excessive load or any installation before the concrete attains its resistance.

– Additives of mortars and concrete

The use of additives for preparation of mortars and concrete will be liable to prior agreement of the prime contractor. To support this request in intending to use additives, the entrepreneur should attach results of laboratory tests that are conducted in a laboratory approved by the prime contractor.

2.5. Hardcore

The hardcore will be hard stones, compact, not of fragile type and of standard:

–    Metamorphic quartzite with tight beds
–    Granites and granitoid and, in general containing quartz and granite.

2.6. Plasters and Coatings.

Certain masonries in walling should be provided with a mortar plaster 20 mm thick. The plaster of masonries will be done in two layers; the last should be straightened according to the rules, and smooth enough.
The coatings will have perfect adhesion, and will not sound hollow with the shock of the hammer.
All paintings, vanish, sealers etc. are provided on site in the original packages under seal. The materials are stored in the premise ventilated safe from rain and sun in order to avoid all deterioration of the materials. The contractor will take all precautions that impose themselves to avoid all accident. The use of paints with the solvents alcohol and the benzene is forbidden.


3.1 Keep every day diary of building
B. Cleaning of buildings, land and the closing of the site
Before the provisional reception, the contractor should completely clean the buildings and the land.
This item consists of:
• Removal of all rests of materials, debris, waste, etc. in the buildings and in the plot.
• Perfect cleaning of all rooms and roofs, cleaning of finished floor, walls, doors and     windows if necessary.
• The interior and outside cleaning of glazing.
• Removal of all traces of paintings on floors
• Removal of the offices and workshops shall take place within 30 days from the date of the
temporary reception

4. Masonry

4.1 General
. The masonry shall be executed by cement mortar of 300 Kg cement by m3 of sand.
• The apparent masonry in elevation and the masonry to be jointed; shall be neatly executed in bricks without any defects.
• Any masonry finishing a slope (for example a gable under the roofing) shall be finished with ordinary concrete according to the existing slope. This concrete is included in the quantities of masonry and shall be measured in the unit price of the concerned masonry.
• The masonry of the foundation is executed in hard and strong quarry stones, gravel with cement mortar of 300 kg and with well graded sand. The masonry of foundation is completed at the level of the damp proof of a plane surface made up of a layer of smoothened cement mortar of 10 cm thick against the capillary water. In the case of sloping terrain, the foundation is executed “in steps». In either case foundation must be grounded the good quality soil after a control of the supervision bureau.

5. Concretes

5.1. Composition of concretes and mortars

5.1.1. Composition of concrete

Concrete n° 1:            Blinding Concrete: 200kg cement 400L sand: 800L gravel

Concrete n°2    :        Slightly Concrete reinforced for paving: 300kg cement 400L sand 800L gravel

Concrete n°3     :         Non reinforced Concrete for paving : 325kg cement 400L sand 800l gravel

Concrete n°4      :       Reinforced Concrete for strap beams: 200kg cement: 400L stones : 800L gravel

Concrete n°5     :        Mass  Concrete : 250kg cement: 800L stones: 200Lsand :400Lgravel

-Steel reinforcements

Reinforcements     Minimum characteristic strength
Main bars    400 MPa
Stirrups    250 MPa

5.1.2   Composition of mortars

Mortar n°1              Screeding: paving and exterior cement coating: 400kg cement; 1000L sand
Mortar n°2             cement bricks masonry, Stonework Masonry at the plinth level: 300kg cement; 1.000l sand
Mortar n°3             interior plastering 300kg cement1.000l sand

Aggregates for mortars and concretes.
Sand for mortar and concretes.

i.    Nature.

The sand for mortar and concrete will be  the  river sand or  crushed stone.

ii.    Property.

The sand will be free of tender matters like micas and e organic matters like humus; the peat; or the vegetal soil. The quantity of fine particles like silts, clays, and soluble matters soluble should be eliminated by decanting, and should not exceed 2%.  the fineness module will be included between 1.70 and 3.40.

c) Granulation
•    Sand for concrete :
The maximum proportion of elements which remain on the sieve of 38 modular (or sieve of 5mm diameter opening)   should be lower to 10%.
Sand for the reinforced concrete:
The sand granulation should be as follow:

Diameters of sifter (mm)     0.160    0.315    0.630    1.2500    2.50    5.000
sand particles crossing the sifter openings(%)     0 à 10    10 à 30    28 à 55    45 à 80    70 à 90    95 à 100

a) Nature.
The Gravel for concrete will be from river or crashed stones.

b) Cleanliness.

The maximum proportion in weight of concrete aggregates, crossing sifter opening of module 34,( or the diameter of sifter opening is 2mm) should be lower to 2%.

c) Granulation

The aggregate diameter should be included between 3 and 25mm for the concrete and between 3 and 50mm for the reinforced concrete.
Besides, the crossing and remaining aggregate on  the extreme sifters  will be lower to 10%.

d) Hardness and shape.

The contra will avoid the flat, brittle, crumbly, , soluble or in general evolutionary aggregates. The Los Angeles coefficient should be lower to 40.
Laboratory tests to be conducted.
a) Sand for mortars and concretes.
For sand testing:
1 sieve analysis for each 50 m3 of sand;
1 moisture content control for each 50 m3 of sand.
b) Gravel for the concrete.
For the gravel:
1 sieve analysis for each 50 m3 of gravel;
1 shape control for each 50 m3 of gravel;
1 Los Angeles control by quarry.
The water to be used should fulfill the all prescriptions recommended by the cement producer. It should not contain more than 2 grams of dissolved or abeyance matters by a liter. The doubtful waters will be submitted to chemical analysis..
The use of river or swamp water should be approved by the client or his representative.
The use of additives like hardening accelerators, air Hoover, plasticizers, waterproofing products, etc.. Should be approved by the client or his representative.

The additives use should be conducted as indicated in their certificate derived by the producer.
The additives should not be mixed to the cement before the client approval.
The mixing of additives and cement should be homogeneous.

6.1.3 Cement
a) Origin
The cement shall be of Portland cement quality manufactured by MASHYUZA cement factory or any other equivalent designation and it shall be submitted to the design bureau for approval However, cement other than the latter, shall have to satisfy at least to the ISO standards in AFROR, NBN and DIN correspondents.

b) Storing

The cement shall be well stocked in aerated room and free from the humidity.
The bags shall be put on a super elevated floor. The cement bags should be in good state, including the marks of origin. Accepted shall be only bags coming from the registered factories. Sampling for testing shall possibly be made on the stocks.
At the time of cement bags unloading, the date of delivery will clearly be written on every bag, with an indelible ink. The cement bags with the storing duration more than one month should not be used for concrete and plastering works. The maximum duration of cement bags storing should not exceed two months.

c) Control.
The client or his representative will collect (if necessary) cement samples for laboratory testing.
The tests to be conducted are:

•    Time of hardening
•    Stability or extension
•    Compressive resistance after 7 and 28 days.
The first results of testing should be communicated to the contractor within 72 hours after samples collection.
All non-satisfactory results to the present notebook entail new samples collection.
If one of the supplementary tests gives non favorable results, the corresponding material will be rebuffed.


7.1 Generals on the metallic structures

7.1.1 Standards to respect.

The structures must be designed to resist the following efforts:

Self-weight of the structures;
The overload of the roof covering;
The overload of the suspended false roof estimated to 20kg/m2 (to predict in the future);
A dead load of 100kg or a uniformly distributed load of 25kg/m2;
The frames are executed in tubular sections made of steel with the measurements appeared at the descriptive details. All extremities of tubes are closed in the same way by soldering a plate dimension that the section and in the same way thickness that the partitions of the tubes. The frameworks are provided at their anchorage accessories that is to say symmetrical valley section in the same way of the applied tubes; these valleys are welded on the entry of every point of support. The minimum thickness of the metallic pieces is 2mm.All structural elements are painted before their application in a layer of painting to the chromate of zinc. The painting of brilliant glycerophtallic of finish is redacted on the remaining part of structures which are included in the price of the structures. The colors are either determined or chosen by the client.

7.2 Rafters and Purlins of roofing made of steel

The rafters and purlins are fixed in the same way on the frameworks by means of the valleys sections that the breakdowns’ (60*40*2).The contractor will suggest a system of fixing with plan of details to make approve by Client.

7.3 Finishing of metallic trusses

The trusses, rafters and purlins are painted with a rustproof layer before their use and a final coat after their fixing. The trusses or trust of trusses that would be damaged during the transportation can be replaced. Some deformed members will be refused and will be repaired or replaced.

7.4 Covering made of sheet metal (iron sheet forming 28 BG)

To m2 of roofing surface, including fixing accessories, ridges, strands, intermediates gutters, etc. following the indications on the plans and all vassalages.

7.5 Gutters and down spouts pipes

The water from roof harvested by the metallic gutters will be conveyed through down flow pipes in PVC to water reservoirs, and the rest to ground gutters and end up in soak pit.

7.6 Metallic shutters

Sheets of metal are of good quality. The sheet metal used for the mantelpieces,frames,bent sections and panels of replenishment have a thickness of 2mm.Except otherwise stated by stipulations in technical specifications or in the bills, the sheet metal are raw and non-galvanized. The section used for the manufacture of frames is the double hunger type. Shutters them are realized in T iron assuring a double strike in order to guarantee the tightness.
All exterior doors and windows are in metallic structures plus rovers (40cm height) in metallic sheets to allow ventilation including double net mosquitoes on both sides. The interior doors are executed in good quality play wood
All shutters and joineries are executed according to construction rules. The contractor must provide the sample to be approved by the client.
As a rule, all shutters are assembled by electrical welding. Welding will be done with a maximum care and regular without interruptions. Joining of corners of shutters and frames is achieved by cutting the profiles at 450 and welded properly. The welding is perfectly ground or filed to get smooth surface. All materials for shutters are painted in workshop with a layer of paint of chromate of Zink. The shutters skimmed previously and must be free from any sign of rust trace

8. Paintings

8.1 General

To foresee the water color on interior walls and oil painting on outside walls and in the humid areas.
The works of painting can be done in factory or at the construction site; they also can be done partially in the factory and partially at the construction site.
All paintings, varnish, etc are derived at the construction site in the sealed original packing. The materials are stored in the ventilated area which is protected against the rain and sun radiation, to avoid any deterioration of the materials and their packings.
The contractor will take all necessary precautions that to avoid all accidents (fire, explosion). In the case of the interior painting, an efficient operation must be assured to permit evacuation of the solvent steam.

8.2. Preparation of the surface to be painted

Asperities abduction on
Holes obturation, cracks, small nests of gravels, etc..
Brushing and dust removal

8.3. Painting works

Painting, using brush .for the first layer the paint is diluted to 15%
Painting, using the roller in the same way. In this case the paint is diluted to 5%.

9. Glasses for windows

All windows must be compliant to l`ISO or to the BS NO 952, without bulbs or other particles. The glasses are flat shared into NACOS. Glasses thickness is from 2, 8 to 3,2mm, weight of 6, 25 Kg/m2.
The glasses will be exempt of bulbs, of lentils, of gall, of ropes, of burns, of stings, of glimmering or other shortcomings,.

10. Putty for glass fixing

The putty is manually fixed and should be bolted to existing frame.

11. Plumbing and Sanitary

11.1The sanitary appliances

The valves and fittings will be subjected to the prior of the engineer. The taps3/4 chrome.
Appliances carried out of white porcelain fixed at the wall and laying on column in accordance with the parts to fix.PVC siphons in antiphonic action and PVC 63mm.
The monobloc WC TWYFORD type: carried out of vitrified white porcelain fixed with screws and provided with square taps.

11.2 Piping
Polyvinyl chloride pipes will be of minimum type PN10.They assembly will be obligatory carried out by means of the nontoxic products and accessories suitable such as the T-pieces,elbows,sleeves,valves and fitting etc….All the down pipes for the evacuations will be carried out of PVC ,they are hard and will be ringed.

11.3 Urinal
The urinal will be also of a type TWYFORD with white basin, complete with push button of Sloan type with chromium siphon plated with 75mm valve .The flash valve will have an integral closing; the mural plate will be supplemented with pipe connectors and will have mural suspension.

11.4 Toilet paper rails
The door roller will be of dia.150 x150 mm, carried out of porcelain or equivalent approved by the client. It will be embedded in the wall.

11.5 Single wash hand basin

The single wash hand basin will be of vanity type, or similar approval assembled on a table wash hand basin of dimension of 585 complete x 450mm with chromium plate, tap provided with push rod with delayed action.

11.6    MANHOLES

Manholes shall be constructed in stone or concrete blocks in the positions and to the depths shown on the Drawings or as directed by the Engineer.

Cast iron manhole covers and frames shall be provided to all manholes, and shall be manufactured in accordance with B.S.497 and approved by the Engineer, size 60.0 x 45.0cm single seal, minimum 23.42 kg weight, as shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer.  Where wheeled traffic is liable to pass over the manholes, the Contractor shall provide medium or heavy-duty covers and frames as directed by the Engineer.

Covers shall be bedded in grease and sand in the rebates and painted with two coats of black bituminous paint on completion.

Internal rendering to manhole walls and benching shall be 12mm thick minimum, composed of one part of Portland cement to two parts of sand.  The surface is to be trowelled hard and smooth, curved at all internal angles and rounded on all arises.  The Contractor is to include all coves, rounded angles, making good to pipes etc. and all other labors.  The rendering to benching is to be applied whilst the concrete is green.


Incinerator 20 Kg
Incinerator electrically operated
 A cage for receipt of biomedical waste;
 A combustion chamber with fireplace with a filter to retain ashes;
 A cover;
 An air supply;
A turbine  allowing supply air.
 Combustion temperature: 1800 ° C.
Comes with all accessories.     ▪      The incinerator should be a modern waste disposal unit, designed
to bum medical waste in a clean and environmentally efficient
manner. It should employ a temperature based logic control system
to provide optimum control of the operating conditions and
incorporate a high capacity thermal oxidizing secondary chamber.
It should be designed to retain the exhaust gases, for at least 2
seconds to ensure the unit’s effective destruction of the combustion
▪      All the incinerators to be supplied and installed meet the
Waste Management Regulation 2006, legal notice No. 121 of
29th September 2006 and in particular 3rd schedule regulation
(26, 47) pertaining classification, standards, criteria, and
procedure for installing and operating incinerators.
▪      The capacity of the incinerator required should be to the
specifications with a capacity to burn 100kgs/Hr.
▪      The incinerator shall be run on a three-phase power supply
▪      For the technical evaluation, not only the treatment plant but
the entire system will be considered. It will be the responsibility
of the Bidder to supply a full system, including all eventually
additionally necessary secondary systems and additional
▪      The system offered shall be designed to operate normally under
the conditions of the purchaser’s country. The conditions include
Power Supply, Climate, Temperature, Humidity, etc.
▪      The Bidder must provide a warranty for one year.
▪      All text, parameter etc. on all control operating interfaces as
well as on information displays and on print-outs shall be in
English language.
▪      The Bidder is responsible for all permits and approvals for
importation. The Bidder shall provide all the necessary
documentation in order to facilitate the legal requirements for the
installation and putting into use of the equipment.

▪      Period of Execution is 90 days from contract signature for
delivery to site and completion of all verification operations
required for the issuance of provisional acceptance.
▪      Representatives of the Contracting Authority and the
Beneficiary, together with the Bidder’s representative, shall
carry out the controls, testing and initial approval for provisional
and final acceptance. The provisional and final acceptance shall
take place at the final destination.
▪     After-Sales Service: The Bidder is required to ensure that a
maintenance, service and repair centre, which is authorized by
the Manufacturer, and which is able to rapidly supply genuine
spare parts and consumables recommended by the Manufacturer
is available throughout the one year warranty period. In
fulfillment of this requirement with their offer, bidders must
submit a statement signed by the manufacturer or representative
of the manufacturer:
ͦ Providing the name and address of its authorized
maintenance, service and repair centre,
ͦ Confirming that this authorized maintenance, service and
repair centre is able to rapidly supply genuine spare parts and
the consumables recommended by the Manufacturer; and
▪      The Bidder will be responsible to deliver and install all
equipment supplied to the hospitals in the
Republic of Kenya. The Bidder shall deliver a time schedule over
the complete construction and assembling period. The delivery
and installation time must be agreed between bidders, target
Hospital and the Contracting Authority. The treatment plant must
arrive pre-assembled. The Bidder shall ensure that all parts of
the plant transported by sea shall not be shipped as “deck
▪      It is expected that the Bidder cooperates closely with the
contractor for the new waste handling building/ housing and will
make available all needed technical information, drawing, etc. to
the contractor.
▪      The Bidder shall supply and install the incinerator with the
following attached specifications

For the Supply, installation & commissioning of a Medical Waste Incinerator as detailed below:
i.    Waste type    Health care waste
ii.    Waste density    125 to 350Kg/M3
iii..    Waste Calorific Value    4000 KCAL/Kg
iv.    Moisture content    10-25%
v.     Estimated ash  residue    5-10%
vi.     Nominal capacity     100Kg/hour batch load
vii.     Secondary chamber    2 seconds @ 1100°C
viii.    Environmental    Environmental Management Coordination Act, 1999 and in particular, Waste management regulations, 2006
2    Equipment
2.1    Primary Combustion Chamber
▪       The primary combustion chamber is the main structure of the
incinerator, fabricated from mild steel plate and stiffened with
rolled steel sections. It is carried from the floor level on a
substantial steel support frame. Internally the shell is lined with
calcium silicate insulation and a hot face combination of super
duty brickwork or high strength castable.
▪       The primary combustion chamber must ensure minimum exit
temperature is not less than 850°C.
One Manual Load Incinerator comprising:
▪       Manual Loading door (heavy duty steel door with appropriate
refractory lining)
▪       Horizontal solid hearth, refractory lined primary combustion
chamber. Approximate dimensions 800 mm diameters x 2100mm
▪       Full sized bulk load/ash removal door
▪       1 off diesel-fired ignition burner — temperature controlled
▪       1 off combustion air supply fan and distribution system, automatic
▪       High capacity secondary combustion chamber with residence time
not less than 2 seconds @ >1100°C
▪       1 off diesel-fired afterburner — temperature controlled
▪       Control panel — automatic operation
▪      Temperature indication primary and secondary chambers 0-
1200°C. Both chambers must be insulated with refractory
material (super duty 100mm thick firebrick with 25mm thick
calcium silicate insulation)
Note: The secondary combustion chamber must ensure that the gas temperature as measured against the inside wall in the secondary chamber & not in the flame zone, is not less than 1100°C.
2.2     Throughput
100kg/hour at a nominal calorific value of 4,000 kcal/kg and an average bulk density of I20kg/ M3 for general waste and l60kg/ M3 for health care waste.
2.3    Ash
The waste will be reduced by 90~95% to leave 10 -5% ash
2.4    Quality/Environmental Standards
▪       Environment Management and Coordination Act, 1999
▪       BS3316
2.5    Operating Period
▪      Anticipated daily operating period 8 hours
▪      Maximum operating period 12 hours
2.6    Chamber
▪      Should be refractory lined to the following standard; Hearth and
lower section of chamber walls
2.7    Hot face material
▪      Super duty firebrick
▪      Limiting continuous service limit 1500°C
▪      Thickness 100mm
▪      Thermal conductivity 1.3 W/mk
2.8    Insulation
▪      Calcium silicate
▪      Limiting continuous service limit 1000°C
▪      Thickness 25mm
▪      Thermal conductivity 0.095 W/mk
2.9     Chimney / Stack
▪      Should be manufactured from refractory lined mild steel or high
quality air-cooled stainless steel. The chimney/stack should have a
minimum height of 10 meters above ground level.
▪      Refractory lined flanged chimney must be above the height of
any existing roof adjacent to the incinerator
▪      Provide lifting gear to hoist, erect and mount chimney, and
provide supports slings as necessary. Allow for cutting of tree
branches to facilitate the exercise.
▪      The chimney shall be painted with approved heat resistant
paint after installation.
2.10     Ignition Burners
Fully packaged oil type, complete with electric ignition and flame failure controls, wired with continuous running fan and complete with all valves, fan and motor.
·         Maximum rating:            at least 450kW/hour
·         Burner:                            arranged for on/off operation
·         Maximum consumption: at least 6 litres/hour
·         Average consumption:    at least 3 litres/hour
2.11    Afterburner
Fully packaged oil type, complete with electric ignition and flame failure controls wired with continuous running fan and complete with all valves, fan and motor.
Maximum rating:    at least 450kW/hour
Burner:    arranged for on/off operation
Maximum consumption:    at least 9 litres/hour
Average consumption:    at least 4.5 litres/hour
2.12    Flue gas treatment
▪      Should have particulate remover (scrubbers). A mechanical
particulate collector must be incorporated after secondary
combustion chamber for removal of particulate pollutants
entrained in the flue gas stream.
2.13    Diesel Tank
▪      To provide for diesel services tank (Capacity 400 litres)
including level indicator
▪      The tank should be connected to the incinerator at higher level
to enable free-flow of diesel from the tank to the incinerator.
The connecting pipe must be a black pipe of approved gauge
and diameter. Include other accompanying accessories and
▪      Connect burners to fuel supply.
2.14     Electrical Supply
▪      Three phase 415 V a.c., 50/60 Hz.
3    Documentation:
Operation manual    2 sets
Service/maintenance manual    2 sets
4    Certification
▪      National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)
5    Capacity to service equipment
▪      The agent/supplier shall have adequate facilities, spare parts,
consumables and qualified and skilled technical staff.
Installation works
▪      Provide lifting gears as forklift, gantry, rollers, and lifting
jacks and position incinerator.
6    Commissioning and Training
▪      The Agent will test all set operating parameters

▪     The agent shall conduct a two days operation & maintenance
training to the Biomedical engineering personnel and incinerator
operators after installation & commissioning of the equipment.
7    Commissioning Maintenance Contract
▪     Before the expiry of the warranty/ signing off, the supplier shall
provide a one-year replacement service parts (e.g. oil filters, air
filters), the Quarterly routine maintenance price per quarter
for three (3) quarters.

Maintenance control proposal.
▪      The maintenance contract price includes labour, transport and
accommodation for the attending technicians.

hospital incinerator manufacturer

Incinerator to have double combustion chamber and control amount of dioxin and other gasses emitted without being harmful.

Estimated dimensions, to manufacturers standard, but to be compact as possible. capacity: approximately 60kg per day, voltage: 220V and diesel fired.

CSH  Hospital, (Calabar, Nigeria)

Mmedical waste incinerator capable of disposing up to 0.5 cubic meter of infectious or pathological waste.

Incinerator to have double combustion chamber and control amount of dioxin and other gasses emitted without being harmful.

Estimated dimensions, to manufacturers standard, but to be compact as possible. capacity: approximately 120kg per day, voltage: 220V and diesel fired.INCINERATOR (WASTE INCINERATOR)
Designed to burn disposables that can and should be destroyed on-site. Theses wastes include infectious and contaminated “red bag.” Surgical dressings, plastic test devices and other wastes
Fast, complete, efficient waste disposal
Dual chamber combustion, Chambers insulated and lined with high temperature refractory. Programmable digital temperature controls, temperature indicators and charge recorder. Modulating control for fuel and air lowers fuel consumption.
Minimum installation and start up time
Aluminized steel jacket lined with refractory and firebrick. Monitors recorders and other accessory equipment should be available.
Charging system:
•    Vertical charge door on primary chamber.
•    Pneumatic or hydraulic ram charging system.
•    Auto shut down of the door after charging.
•    Primary and secondary chamber temperature displayed and recorded (optional)
Charging rate:
•    Up to 100kgs per hour of waste or red bag waste rated at 2200 BTU’s per kg.
Fuel:-     Natural Gas
Capacity (Cubic Mtr):    1.65M3 or more
Ave Capacity:    100kg per hour
Secondary Chamber Capacity (CubicMtr) :3.88 or more
Length (mm):    1880 or better
Width (mm):    1280 or better
Height Incl. Flue (mm):    7700 or better
Ash  Door Opening (mm):    475×900 or better
Min. Operating temperature:    90 degree centigrade
Max, Operating Temperature:    1350 degree centigrade
Residency time in Second Chamber:    2 sec
Temperature Monitoring: Both for primary and secondary chambers.
Loading SystemManual/semi-automatic
Waste destruction efficiency:> 90% by weight
Filter: Ceramic or other equivalent filters in order to reduce the induction of hazardous air pollutants, particulates, co,dioxin/furane into the atmosphere.
De ashing system: Manual/semi-automatic.
The System must be quoted complete with:-
•    Plumbing
•    Electrical panels
•    Civil works
•    Waste collection Trolleys

Finish/ Paint:-
High Quality heat resistant, two layers high-grade epoxy Paint coating.
Installed Power (Electric Voltage): 440V/ 50 Hz
Waste Management Equipment must have ;
Mobile loading trolley:    06 No’s – For transportation of hospital waste from wards to incinerator site/ room, Opening from the top.
WASTE BINS MOBILE:    06 No’s-Made of Plastic, in blue color with a cover flap.
Plastic Bags:    2000 no’s each in Red and Yellow color.
Heavy Duty Gloves Pairs: For Waste handling staff-06 Pairs
Long Shoes Pairs:    For waste handling – 06 Pairs.

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